Open Service Mesh
Open Service Mesh (OSM) is the brand new Open Source, Envoy proxy based, service mesh from Microsoft.
OSM introduces a new API set of usage patterns for managing a service mesh. OSM is supported by Service Mesh Hub, which can translate, configure, and manage instances of OSM in your environment.
In this guide, we will walk through the process of installing OSM and a sample application. Then we will use Access Policies and Traffic Policies from Service Mesh Hub to configure the settings in OSM to allow communication between the services in the sample application. The sample application being installed is a variant of the Bookstore application. You can view the topology of the application here.
Before you begin
To illustrate these concepts, we will assume that you have the following:
- Kubernetes cluster for installation or have Docker and Kind to run a local cluster
meshctlCLI tool for managing Service Mesh Hub
- The OSM installer
OSM can be installed multiple different ways. The easiest method is using
meshctl, but it can also be installed directly using the
osm binary, along with an existing Kubernetes cluster.
In this guide, we will assume that you are using OSM v0.4.0.
To get up and running with OSM simply run:
meshctl demo osm init
This command will create a local Kind cluster, install OSM, install Service Mesh Hub, and deploy a sample application.
If you prefer to install the components yourself, first you will need to install OSM using the
osm CLI tool.
osm install kubectl rollout status deployment --timeout 300s -n osm-system osm-controller
After a few moments you should see a successful deployment of OSM.
Waiting for deployment "osm-controller" rollout to finish: 0 of 1 updated replicas are available... deployment "osm-controller" successfully rolled out
Next we will install Service Mesh Hub, as outlined in the Setup guide for Service Mesh Hub. Be sure to replace the
remote-context values with the correct values for your environment.
meshctl install meshctl cluster register --cluster-name mgmt-cluster --remote-context mgmt-cluster-context
Finally, we will deploy the sample application.
kubectl create ns bookstore kubectl create ns bookthief kubectl create ns bookwarehouse kubectl create ns bookbuyer osm namespace add bookstore --enable-sidecar-injection osm namespace add bookthief --enable-sidecar-injection osm namespace add bookwarehouse --enable-sidecar-injection osm namespace add bookbuyer --enable-sidecar-injection kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/solo-io/service-mesh-hub/v0.7.2/ci/osm-demo.yaml kubectl rollout status deployment --timeout 300s -n bookstore bookstore-v1 kubectl rollout status deployment --timeout 300s -n bookstore bookstore-v2 kubectl rollout status deployment --timeout 300s -n bookthief bookthief kubectl rollout status deployment --timeout 300s -n bookwarehouse bookwarehouse kubectl rollout status deployment --timeout 300s -n bookbuyer bookbuyer
For osm version v0.3.0, the flag –enable-sidecar-injection doesn't exist, so you will want to use:
osm namespace add bookstore osm namespace add bookthief osm namespace add bookwarehouse osm namespace add bookbuyer
The OSM default operating mode is “restrictive” mode. This means that services cannot to talk to each other unless specifically allowed via the API.
The sample application installed is a variant of the Bookstore application with the following components:
- Book buyer - Sends requests to the Bookstore services
- Book thief - Sends requests to the Bookstore services
- Bookstore v1 - Sends requests to the Book warehouse service, receives requests from the Book buyer and thief
- Bookstore v2 - Sends requests to the Book warehouse service, receives requests from the Book buyer and thief
- Book warehouse - Receives requests from the Bookstore service
The restrictive mode of OSM means that none of the services can talk to each other yet.
To check the status of our services, we can port-forward to our the bookthief component of the application.
kubectl port-forward -n bookthief deploy/bookthief 8080:80
Once the port-forward is open navigate to
localhost:8080 in any browser. The numbers should read
as we have not enabled the bookthief or bookbuyer to interact with the bookstores.
In order to configure OSM to allow traffic between the various services, and properly split traffic between the two bookstores, we need to apply the following two resources. Be sure to update the
cluster_name value as needed.
kubectl apply -f - <<EOF apiVersion: networking.smh.solo.io/v1alpha2 kind: AccessPolicy metadata: name: my-policy namespace: service-mesh-hub spec: destination_selector: - kube_service_refs: services: - cluster_name: mgmt-cluster name: bookstore-v1 namespace: bookstore - cluster_name: mgmt-cluster name: bookstore-v2 namespace: bookstore source_selector: - kube_service_account_refs: service_accounts: - cluster_name: mgmt-cluster name: bookthief namespace: bookthief --- apiVersion: networking.smh.solo.io/v1alpha2 kind: TrafficPolicy metadata: name: my-policy namespace: service-mesh-hub spec: traffic_shift: destinations: - kube_service: cluster_name: mgmt-cluster name: bookstore-v1 namespace: bookstore weight: 50 - kube_service: cluster_name: mgmt-cluster name: bookstore-v2 namespace: bookstore weight: 50 destination_selector: - kube_service_refs: services: - cluster_name: mgmt-cluster name: bookstore namespace: bookstore EOF
For osm version v0.3.0, the namespace will have to be changed to
The first resource above is a Service Mesh Hub
AccessPolicy. This is the resource which governs access between different services of the application. In this case we are taking advantage of the ability to specify multiple sources and destinations on a rule to allow communication from the bookthief to both bookstore instances. The configuration settings will manifest as
TrafficTarget custom resources for OSM.
The second resource is our
TrafficPolicy. This resource governs how traffic is controlled, and manipulated within our application. This is how we split the traffic between the two separate bookstore instances. The configuration settings will manifest as
TrafficSplits custom resources for OSM.
Once you have applied the two policies, the bookthief service will start “stealing” books from the bookstore. You can validate this by checking the bookthief page we set up a port-forward to earlier.
In this guide we installed the Open Service Mesh (OMS) service mesh on a Kubernetes cluster and managed it with Service Mesh Hub. From this simple example, we can expand to creating a Virtual Mesh across clusters and enabling multicluster communications.